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Global Human genome (a5)

Argument 5: Global Human genome project

  • The Human Genome Project (HGP) was one of the great feats of exploration in history. Rather than an outward exploration of the planet or the cosmos, the HGP was an inward voyage of discovery led by an international team of researchers looking to sequence and map all of the genes -- together known as the genome -- of members of our species, Homo sapiens. Beginning on October 1, 1990 and completed in April 2003, the HGP gave us the ability, for the first time, to read nature's complete genetic blueprint for building a human being.

  • This international effort to sequence the 3 billion DNA letters in the human genome is considered by many to be one of the most ambitious scientific undertakings of all time, even compared to splitting the atom or going to the moon.

  • The finished sequence produced by the Human Genome Project covers about 99 percent of the human genome's gene-containing regions, and it has been sequenced to an accuracy of 99.99 percent.

  • Important to know that The Chimpanzee Genome Project was completed as well as an effort to determine the DNA sequence of the chimpanzee genome. Sequencing began in 2005 and by 2013 twenty-four individual chimpanzees had been sequenced.

  • Some conclusions that are not clearly communicated to public are here provided that are coming from different scientific investications & analysis:

  • All humans DNR is so similar between all continents that it is clear that all humans originated from very very small group of individuals in ancient times in one single moment of time.

  • All humans from all six continents DNR is so similar & close to each other. DNR of Chimpanzees that belong just to one single family are much more different than all humans DNS compared from across 6 different continents.

  • DNR

  • Other such a remarkable fact has long been known: a human has only 46 chromosomes (23 pairs), and his closest modern “relatives” (gorillas, chimpanzees and orangutans) have a bit more - 48 (24 pairs). So we are missing two chromosomes and at the moment there is no absolutely unambiguous answer to the question, for what reasons and when this difference arose.

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